The mediterranean diet and cognitive decline
The Italian Longitudinal Study on Aging and the HALE Study
The Italian Longitudinal Study on Aging (ILSA) aimed to evaluate the impact of alcohol intake on cognitive decline and the progression towards dementia. The study found that patients with slight cognitive alterations who consumed approximately 15 grams of alcohol a day (moderate drinkers) had a decreased rate of progression towards dementia with respect to non-drinkers. The Healthy Ageing: a Longitudinal Study in Europe (HALE) Study, which evaluated 3,496 subjects in 10 European countries, reported that the data analyzed indicated that individuals between 70 and 90 who follow a Mediterranean diet present a more than 50 reduction in mortality for all causes and for cardiovascular disease and cancer.